TUPINAMBÁ PRACTICES OF VIOLENCE, WARFARE, AND CANNIBALISM IN SIXTEENTH CENTURY BRAZIL THROUGH ETHNOHISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18224/hab.v19i2.9092

Palavras-chave:

Tupinambá, violence, warfare practices, ethnohistory, archaeology

Resumo

The Tupinambá were sedentary agriculturalists inhabiting the Eastern Coast of Brazil. Sixteenth-century European explorer accounts offer rich details of Tupinambá life and warfare practices, suggesting the presence of a highly organized violence and warfare system embedded in their daily practices, animistic and cosmological beliefs, celebrations, cannibalism, and in their ideals of honor, prestige, and revenge. Building on ethnohistoric information, this article discusses the potential to further understanding of Tupinambá warfare practices through study of material culture signatures. Because archaeological studies on Tupinambá warfare are sparse, we attempt to correlate the ethnohistoric information with the types of objects and features archaeologists could reasonably expect to recover, should the accounts be accurate and the materials preserved. We argue that by using such analogies as a starting point, future researchers will be able to better test their hypotheses against the archaeological record in efforts to augment knowledge about Tupinambá lifeways.

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Biografia do Autor

Fernanda Neubauer, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Departamento de Antropologia

Doutora e mestre em antropologia (área de concentração em arqueologia) pela University of Wisconsin-Madison (UW) com bolsa de estudos da CAPES. Licenciada e bacharel em história pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS) com bolsas de iniciação científica do CNPq e FAPERGS. Técnica em arqueologia pelo Programa MONUMENTA. Realizou intercâmbio de um ano na Illinois State University (ISU) para estudos e pesquisas em arqueologia durante sua graduação, supervisionado por James M. Skibo. Tem experiência na área de arqueologia, com ênfase no material lítico e na arqueologia pré-colonial, especialmente dos Estados Unidos e Brasil. Website: http://fernanda.soulshadow.com ; Website para amostras de ilustrações líticas: https://lithicgallery.soulshadow.com ; Perfil no site Academia.edu: http://wisc.academia.edu/FernandaNeubauer

Nam C. Kim, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Nam C. Kim. PhD in Anthropology/Archaeology. Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States. Email: [email protected].

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NEUBAUER, F.; KIM, N. C. TUPINAMBÁ PRACTICES OF VIOLENCE, WARFARE, AND CANNIBALISM IN SIXTEENTH CENTURY BRAZIL THROUGH ETHNOHISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY. Revista Habitus - Revista do Instituto Goiano de Pré-História e Antropologia, Goiânia, Brasil, v. 19, n. 2, p. 189–213, 2022. DOI: 10.18224/hab.v19i2.9092. Disponível em: https://seer.pucgoias.edu.br/index.php/habitus/article/view/9092. Acesso em: 22 jun. 2024.