ETHNO-RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS CHALLENGING THE SECULAR STATE

Vincenzo Pace

Resumo


Os movimentos fundamentalistas religiosos agem em nome e em defesa de uma verdade transcendental. Eles consideram o Estado secular como seu principal inimigo, porque este afirma legitimar seu poder independentemente da legitimação religiosa. Tais movimentos, ao contrário, consideram sua religião como o repositório da verdade absoluta e fonte última de legitimidade das leis humanas. Daí o paradoxo de suas formas de pensar e agir socialmente: são pós-seculares, mas, ao mesmo tempo, lutam para transformar seus princípios religiosos em categorias políticas. Depois de examinar dois casos empíricos de movimentos fundamentalistas étnico-religiosos (a Buddhist Power Force-BBS no Sri Lanka e o movimento Hindutva na Índia), podemos fazer algumas observações conclusivas sobre os desafios teóricos e metodológicos que esses movimentos trazem para a sociologia da religião. Pensamos que, em ambos os casos, estamos lidando com movimentos coletivos que parecem ser capazes de desafiar e minar o modelo do estado secular.

Palavras-chave


Fundamentalismo religioso; Política; Religião; Nacionalismo; Estado

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18224/cam.v17i4.7578

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