What is and is not Hellenistic Judaism?

Cesar Motta Rios

Resumo


Abstract: in the studies of Judaism in antiquity, and in the field of general History as well, it is usual to find references to Hellenistic Judaism, usually in opposition to Palestinian Judaism. In this article, I reflect on the concept of Hellenistic Judaism through the reference to specific texts and authors identified as part of this branch of Ancient Judaism. I demonstrate the frequent simplification that this expression imposes to an extremely complex intercultural phenomenon. I do not suggest its complete abandon, but a minded use of it, which includes the recognition of the impressive existent diversity.

O Que É e Não é Judaísmo Helenístico?

Resumo: em estudos sobre o judaísmo na Antiguidade, bem como da História geral, é comum encontrar referências ao judaísmo helenístico, por vezes em oposição ao judaísmo palestino. Neste artigo, reflito sobre o conceito de judaísmo helenístico a partir de referências a casos pontuais de textos e autores comumente alocados em tal âmbito. Demonstro a frequente simplificação que a expressão estabelece para um fenômeno intercultural extremamente completo. Não sugiro a abolição do uso da mesma, mas sim seu uso refletido e com o reconhecimento da necessidade de se considerar as diversidades existentes.


Palavras-chave


Judaism; Hellenism; Interculturality; Hellenistic Judaism; Judaísmo; Helenismo; Interculturalidade; Judaísmo helenístico.

Texto completo:

PDF

Referências


BERTHELOT, K. Philo and the Allegorical Interpretation of Homer in the Platonic Tradition (with an Emphasis on Porphyry's De Antro Nympharum). In: NIEHOF, Maren. Homer and the Bible in the Eyes of Ancient Interpreters. Leiden: Brill, 2012. p. 155-174.

BOYARIN, Daniel. The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ. New York: The New Press, 2012.

BOYARIN, Daniel. What kind of Jew is an Evangelist? In: AICHELE, G.; WALSH, R. Those Outside: Noncanonical Readings of Canonical Gospels. New York – London: T&T Clark, 2005. p. 109-153.

BREHIER, Emile. Les idees philosophiques et religieuses de Philon d’Alexandrie. Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1950.

CARSON, D. A., MOO; Douglas J.; MORRIS, Leon. Introdução ao Novo Testamento. Tradução de Marcio Loureiro Redondo. São Paulo: Vida Nova, 1997.

CHAPMAN, Honora Howell. Spectacle and Theater in Josephus's Bellum Judaicum. Thesis (Ph.D.) – Stanford: Stanford University, 1998.

COHEN, S. J. D. From the Maccabees to the Mishnah. Second Edition. Louisville – London: Westmisnter John Knox Press, 2006.

COHEN, S. J. D. The Beauty of Flora and the Beauty of Sarai. In: ______. The Significance of Yavneh and other Essays in Jewish Hellenism. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2010. p. 3-14.

DEGAN, A. Josefo. Exegeta: História e Memória. In: Revista de História, v. 162, 2010. p. 295-310. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 15 set. 2014.

DERRIDA, Jacques; ROUDINESCO, Elisabeth. Y manana, que... Tradução de Victor Goldstein. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2002.

DESILVA, D. A. 4 Maccabees. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998.

DORIVAL, G. Les origines de la Septante: la traduction en grec des cinq livres de la Torah. In: HARL, M.; DORIVAL, G.; MUNNICH, O. La Bible Grecque des Septante: Du Judaïsme Hellénistique au Christianisme Ancien. Paris: Éditions du CERF; Éditions du C.N.R.S., 1988. p. 39-82.

FREDRIKSEN, Paula. Why Sould a Law-Free Mission Mean a Law-Free Apostle? JBL. Atlanta, v. 134, n. 3, Fall 2015. p. 637-650.

GOLDSTEIN, Jonathan. Jewish Acceptance and Rejection of Hellenism. In: SANDERS, E. P. et alii. Jewish and Christian Self-Definition. Volume Two: Aspects of Judaism in the Graeco-Roman Period. London: SCM Press, 1981. p. 64-87.

GRUEN, Erich S. Heritage and Hellenism: The Reinvention of Jewish Tradition. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London: University of California Press, 1998.

GRUEN, Erich. Rethinking the Other in Antiquity. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2011.

HARVEY, G. Synagogues of the Hebrews: Good Jews in the Diaspora. In: JONES, Sian; PEARCE, Sarah J. K. Jewish Local Patriotism and Self-Identification in the Graece-Roman Period. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998. p. 132-147.

HAY, David M. Putting Extremism in Context: The Case of Philo, De Migratione 89-93. The Studia Philonica Annual, Atlanta, v. 9, p. 126-142, 1997.

HENGEL, M. Judaism and Hellenism. Two Volumes. London: SCM Press, 1974.

HORST, P. W. Van der. Jewish Tomb Inscriptions in Verse. In: ______. Hellenism-Judaism-Christianity: Essays on Their Interaction. Leuven: Peeters, 1998. p. 27-47.

KERKESLAGER, A. Jewish Pilgrimage and Jewish Identity in Hellenistic and Early Roman Egypt. In: FRANKFURTER, David. Pilgrimage and Holy Space in Late Antique Egypt. Leiden/ Boston/ Koln: Brill, 1998. p. 99-225.

KOSKENNIEMI, E. Philo and Greek Poets. Journal for the Study of Judaism, Leiden, v. 41, p. 301-322, 2010.

KRUGER, Rene. A diáspora: de experiência traumática a paradigma eclesiológico. São Leopoldo: Sinodal, 2009.

LANFRANCHI, Pierluigi. L'Exagoge d'Ezechiel le Tragique: introduction, text, traduction et commentaire. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

LEVINE, L. Jewish Identities in Antiquity: An Introductory Essay. In: LEVINE, L.; SCHWARTZ, D. Jewish Identities in Antiquity. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009. p. 12-40.

MACHADO, J. Perspectivas da hipótese “Qumran-essênios”: a propósito de um livro de Gabriele Boccaccini. In: Estudos de Religião, v. 26, n. 42, jan./jun. 2012. p. 238-261. Disponível em: https://www.metodista.br/revistas/revistas-ims/index.php/ER/article/view/2988/3099 Acesso em 15 de setembro de 2014.

MODRZEJEWSKI, J. How to be a Jew in Hellenistic Egypt? In: COHEN, Shaye J. D.; FRERICHS, Ernest. Diasporas in Antiquity. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993. p. 65-91.

MOMIGLIANO, Arnaldo. Jews and Greeks. In: ______. Essays on ancient and modern Judaism. Edited and with an introduction by Silvia Berti. Translated by Maura Masella-Gayley. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1994. p. 10-28.

MOTUSOVA, E. Allegorical Interpretation of the Pentateuch in Alexandria: Inscribing Aristobulus and Philo in a Wider Literary Context. The Studia Philonica Annual. Atlanta, v. 22, 2010. p. 1-52.

NEUSNER, Jacob. The Mishnah’s Philosophical Method: The Judaism of Hierarchical Classification in Graeco-Roman Context. In: The Studia Philonica Annual. Atlanta, v. 3, 1993. p. 192-206.

NIEHOFF, M. Jewish Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

PRICE, S. The History of the Hellenistic Period. In: BOARDMAN, J.; GRIFFINS, S.; MURRAY, O. The Oxford History of the Classical World. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1986. p. 315-337.

SIEGERT, F. Philon et la Philologie Alexandrine. Aux Origines du Fondamentalisme Biblique. In: INOWLOCKI, S.; DECHARNEUX, B. Philon d'Alexandrie: um penseur a l'intersection des cultures greco-romaine, orientale, juive et chretienne. Turnhout: Brespols, 2011. p. 393-402.

STERLING, G. Judaism between Jerusalem and Alexandria. In: COLLINS, John J. and STERLING, G. Hellenism in the Land of Israel. Notre Dame (Indiana): University of Notre Dame Press, 2001. p. 263-301.

STERLING, G. Thus are Israel': Jewish Self-Definition in Alexandria. In: ______. The Studia Philonica Annual, Atlanta, v. 7, 1995. p. 1-18.

TAYLOR, Joan. Jewish Woman Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered. Oxford / New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

TCHERIKOVER, Victor. Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews. Peabody (Massachusetts): Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.

TOBIN, Thomas H. Philo and the Sibyl: Interpreting Philo's Eschatology. In: The Studia Philonica Annual. Atlanta, v. 9, 1997. p. 84-103.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18224/cam.v14i1.4492

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.


Direitos autorais 2016 Cesar Motta Rios

 

Este obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons - Atribuição Sem Derivações 4.0 CC BY-NC-ND


CAMINHOS | Revista do Programa de Pós-Graduação Stricto Sensu em Ciências da Religião da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás | e-ISSN 1983-778X | Qualis B1

Visitantes - (01/01/2006 - 20/11/2018)
País Usuários
Brasil 39.977 - 93,63%
Estados Unidos 813 - 1,90%
França 286 - 0,67%
Portugal 190 - 0,44%
Coréia do Sul 127 - 0,30%
Alemanha 87 - 0,20%
Reino Unido 82 - 0,19%
México 78 - 0,18%
Moçambique 69 - 0,16%
Total 43.121

Fonte: Google Analytics.